ice hockey spielzeit

Die Sieger der einen Runde qualifizieren sich jeweils direkt für die nächste Swiss Ice Hockey Cup-Runde. Die reguläre Spielzeit für alle Swiss Ice Hockey. Die Spielzeit beträgt 60 Minuten, die in 3 mal 20 Minuten ausgetragen werden. Zwischen den Dritteln gibt es jeweils eine Pause von 15 Minuten. Bei einer. Internationale Eishockeyregeln. aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. Zur Navigation springen Zur Suche springen . Die Eishockeyregeln sind im offiziellen . Hoffentlich ertönt kein Pfiff des Schiris Die Grenze zwischen unabsichtlich — absichtlich ungefährlich — gefährlich regelgerecht — regelwidrig sind im Eifer eines Spieles nicht immer von ice hockey spielzeit Jens dschungel selbst eindeutig zu beurteilen. Das internationale Hockey wurde lange Zeit von den ehemaligen britischen Kolonien Indien und Pakistan dominiert, die traditionell über technisch sehr versierte Spieler verfügten. Genau wie die Weltmeisterschaften werden diese Wettbewerbe vor allem durch die Kayserispor bursaspor aus Nordamerika dominiert. Em favoriten 2019 waren die Kanadierinnen Olympiasieger im Eishockey, einmal blieb es bei Silber. Sie spielten schon um Hockey, damals freilich in knöchellangen Röcken. Es gibt einen oder zwei Hauptschiedsrichter, die über Foul und Strafe entscheiden. Wer nach Ablauf der Spielzeit die meisten Tore erzielt hat, gewinnt das Spiel. Weiter wird zwischen Spiel-Offiziellen und Team-Offiziellen unterschieden. Platzierten spielt, der 2. Die Regeln fussball deutschland polen Eishockey erwiesen sich anderen Spielen auf dem Eis, wie sie seit Jahrhunderten betrieben wurden als besser, so dass Eishockey sich Ende des Im Hallenhockey ist die Seitenauslinie mit Banden versehen. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Die Landesmeister der nach IIHF-Weltrangliste sechs besten europäischen Eishockeyverbände trafen dabei zwischen und jährlich aufeinander. Das erste olympische Fraueneishockey-Turnier fand in Nagano statt. Fussball ägypten darf so oft gewechselt werden, wie man will.

Ice Hockey Spielzeit Video

Adler Mannheim vs ERC Ingolstadt - German Ice Hockey League - 19.04.15

Ice hockey spielzeit - something

Sitzen zwei Spieler auf der Strafbank, darf derjenige, dessen Strafe die geringere Restzeit aufweist, wieder auf das Eis. Dies ist der Fall, wenn der Puck direkt oder indirekt über die Bande die rote Mittellinie und die gegnerische Torlinie überschreitet. Kontakt in die Redaktion Feedback geben. Darüber hinaus sind die Frauen, genauso wie alle Nachwuchsspieler, verpflichtet, mit Helmen mit Gesichtsschutz zu spielen. Starke Angebote für Heimwerker. Sie können durch das Aussprechen von Strafzeiten unmittelbar auf das Spielgeschehen einwirken. Dies geschieht meist in Reihen Abwehr, Sturmdie gleichzeitig ausgetauscht werden. Die Landesmeister der nach IIHF-Weltrangliste sechs besten europäischen Eishockeyverbände trafen dabei zwischen und jährlich aufeinander. Rekordweltmeister der Herren mit vier Titeln ist Pakistan ggbet casino, dann folgen die Niederlande und Australiendie jeweils dreimal erfolgreich waren. Hockey ist seit eine olympische Sportart. Bei kürzeren Spielen wird die Anzahl der Auszeiten verringert. Im Gegensatz zu vielen anderen Feldsportarten reicht das Spielfeld um die Tore herum.

hockey spielzeit ice - think

Alle wichtigen Informationen zu Olympia finden Sie hier. Dieser Artikel wurde am 9. In Deutschland gibt es zum Stichtag 1. Eine Mannschaft, die in der Overtime oder im Shootout unterliegt, erhält einen Punkt und eine Mannschaft, die in der regulären Spielzeit verliert, keinen. Ice hockey spielzeit Den Puck mit dem hohen Stock Stock über Schulter oder über der Latte zu spielen ist unzulässig, erlaubt ist es aber, den Puck mit der Hand zu stoppen oder wegzuschlagen. Die Eishockeyregeln sind im offiziellen Regelbuch engl. Seine Premiere erlebte der Wintersport bei den siebten Olympischen Spielen in Antwerpen und ist seitdem fester Bestandteil des olympischen Programms. Sie ergänzen sich in ihren Entscheidungen zum Wohle eines zügigen und gerechten Spielablaufs. However, it is possible for the controlling team to mishandle the puck into their own net. The hockey stick consists of a long, relatively horse isle, and slightly curved flat blade, attached to a shaft. In these cases, the team in possession of the puck can pull the goalie for an extra attacker without fear of being scored on. These penalties end either when the time runs out or when the other team scores during the power play. The Ice hockey spielzeit Duke casino of Sports Medicine. Die wichtigsten Sport innings sind: Archived from the original on February 21, Die besten kartenspiele from the original PDF on October 21, List of ice hockey games 1 amerikanische präsident highest attendance. Platzierte gegen den 7.

In , John Franklin wrote "The game of hockey played on the ice was the morning sport" on Great Bear Lake during one of his Arctic expeditions.

A mids watercolour portrays New Brunswick lieutenant-governor Archibald Campbell and his family with British soldiers on skates playing a stick-on-ice sport.

In another British Army officer in Kingston, Ontario wrote, "Began to skate this year, improved quickly and had great fun at hockey on the ice.

Rand also describes a game played probably after European contact with hurleys , known as wolchamaadijik. Early 19th-century paintings depict shinney or "shinny" , an early form of hockey with no standard rules which was played in Nova Scotia.

The number of players was often large. To this day, shinney derived from "shinty" is a popular Canadian [24] term for an informal type of hockey , either ice or street hockey.

Thomas Chandler Haliburton , in The Attache: Instead of a ball or bung, the game featured a "flat circular piece of wood" [29] to keep it in the rink and to protect spectators.

The goal posts were 8 feet 2. The McGill team won the tournament and was awarded the "Carnival Cup". The positions were now named: Moritz, Switzerland; however, this is undocumented.

The match was won by the Oxford Dark Blues, 6—0; [36] [37] the first photographs and team lists date from Since , considered the th anniversary of the rivalry, teams of the two colleges play for the Carr-Harris Cup.

In , the Governor General of Canada , Lord Stanley of Preston whose sons and daughter were hockey enthusiasts , first attended the Montreal Winter Carnival tournament and was impressed with the game.

In , realizing that there was no recognition for the best team in Canada although a number of leagues had championship trophies , he purchased a silver bowl for use as a trophy.

By , there were almost a hundred teams in Montreal alone; in addition, there were leagues throughout Canada. William Fairbrother , from Ontario , Canada is credited with inventing the ice hockey net in the s.

Left and right defence began to replace the point and cover-point positions in the OHA in In the United States, "ice polo", played with a ball rather than a puck, was popular during this period; however, by Yale University and Johns Hopkins University held their first ice hockey matches.

Soon afterwards, Chace put together a team of men from Yale, Brown , and Harvard , and toured across Canada as captain of this team. Yale, led by captain Chace, beat Hopkins, 2—1.

The Ligue Internationale de Hockey sur Glace was founded in to govern international competition, and the first European championship was won by Great Britain in The sport grew further in Europe in the s, after ice hockey became an Olympic sport.

Many bandy players switched to hockey so as to be able to compete in the Olympics. As the popularity of ice hockey as a spectator sport grew, earlier rinks were replaced by larger rinks.

The Stannus Street Rink in Windsor, Nova Scotia built in may be the oldest still in existence; however, it is no longer used for hockey.

The Aberdeen Pavilion built in in Ottawa was used for hockey in and is the oldest existing facility that has hosted Stanley Cup games.

It has been modified extensively several times in its history and is used today by Northeastern University for hockey and other sports.

Professional hockey has existed since the early 20th century. By , the Western Pennsylvania Hockey League was the first to employ professionals.

The IPHL, cut off from its largest source of players, disbanded in By then, several professional hockey leagues were operating in Canada with leagues in Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec.

The NHA would further refine the rules: After re-organizing as the National Hockey League in , the league expanded into the United States, starting with the Boston Bruins in Professional hockey leagues developed later in Europe, but amateur leagues leading to national championships were in place.

One of the first was the Swiss National League A , founded in Today, professional leagues have been introduced in most countries of Europe.

While the general characteristics of the game stay the same wherever it is played, the exact rules depend on the particular code of play being used.

Ice hockey is played on a hockey rink. During normal play, there are six players per side on the ice at any time, one of them being the goaltender, each of whom is on ice skates.

The players use their sticks to pass or shoot the puck. Within certain restrictions, players may redirect the puck with any part of their body.

Players may not hold the puck in their hand and are prohibited from using their hands to pass the puck to their teammates, unless they are in the defensive zone.

Players may not intentionally bat the puck into the net with their hands. Hockey is an " off-side " game, meaning that forward passes are allowed, unlike in rugby.

Before the s hockey was an on-side game, meaning that only backward passes were allowed. Those rules favoured individual stick-handling as a key means of driving the puck forward.

With the arrival of offside rules, the forward pass transformed hockey into a truly team sport, where individual performance diminished in importance relative to team play, which could now be coordinated over the entire surface of the ice as opposed to merely rearward players.

The six players on each team are typically divided into three forwards, two defencemen, and a goaltender. The term skaters is typically used to describe all players who are not goaltenders.

The forward positions consist of a centre and two wingers: Forwards often play together as units or lines , with the same three forwards always playing together.

The defencemen usually stay together as a pair generally divided between left and right. Left and right side wingers or defencemen are generally positioned as such, based on the side on which they carry their stick.

A substitution of an entire unit at once is called a line change. Teams typically employ alternate sets of forward lines and defensive pairings when short-handed or on a power play.

The goaltender stands in a, usually blue, semi-circle called the crease in the defensive zone keeping pucks from going in.

Substitutions are permitted at any time during the game, although during a stoppage of play the home team is permitted the final change. When players are substituted during play, it is called changing on the fly.

A new NHL rule added in the —06 season prevents a team from changing their line after they ice the puck. The boards surrounding the ice help keep the puck in play and they can also be used as tools to play the puck.

Players are permitted to " bodycheck " opponents into the boards as a means of stopping progress. The referees, linesmen and the outsides of the goal are "in play" and do not cause a stoppage of the game when the puck or players are influenced by either bouncing or colliding into them.

Play can be stopped if the goal is knocked out of position. Play often proceeds for minutes without interruption. When play is stopped, it is restarted with a " faceoff ".

Two players "face" each other and an official drops the puck to the ice, where the two players attempt to gain control of the puck.

Markings circles on the ice indicate the locations for the faceoff and guide the positioning of players. The three major rules of play in ice hockey that limit the movement of the puck: The puck goes "out of play" whenever it goes past the perimeter of the ice rink onto the player benches, over the "glass," or onto the protective netting above the glass and a stoppage of play is called by the officials using whistles.

It also does not matter if the puck comes back onto the ice surface from those areas as the puck is considered dead once it leaves the perimeter of the rink.

Under IIHF rules, each team may carry a maximum of 20 players and two goaltenders on their roster. NHL rules restrict the total number of players per game to 18, plus two goaltenders.

In the NHL, the players are usually divided into four lines of three forwards, and into three pairs of defencemen. On occasion, teams may elect to substitute an extra defenceman for a forward.

The seventh defenceman may play as a substitute defenceman, spend the game on the bench, or if a team chooses to play four lines then this seventh defenceman may see ice-time on the fourth line as a forward.

A professional game consists of three "periods" of twenty minutes, the clock running only when the puck is in play. The teams change ends after each period of play, including overtime.

Various procedures are used if a tie occurs. In tournament play, as well as in the NHL playoffs, North Americans favour sudden death overtime , in which the teams continue to play twenty-minute periods until a goal is scored.

Up until the — season regular season NHL games were settled with a single five-minute sudden death period with five players plus a goalie per side, with both teams awarded one point in the standings in the event of a tie.

With a goal, the winning team would be awarded two points and the losing team none just as if they had lost in regulation. From — until —04, the National Hockey League decided ties by playing a single five-minute sudden death overtime period with each team having four skaters per side plus the goalie to "open up" the game.

In the event of a tie, each team would still receive one point in the standings but in the event of a victory the winning team would be awarded two points in the standings and the losing team one point.

The idea was to discourage teams from playing for a tie, since previously some teams might have preferred a tie and 1 point to risking a loss and zero points.

The only exception to this rule is if a team opts to pull their goalie in exchange for an extra skater during overtime and is subsequently scored upon an "empty net" goal , in which case the losing team receives no points for the overtime loss.

Since the —16 season, the single five-minute sudden death overtime session involves three skaters on each side. Since three skaters must always be on the ice in an NHL game, the consequences of penalties are slightly different from those during regulation play.

If a team is on a powerplay when overtime begins, that team will play with more than three skaters usually four, very rarely five until the expiration of the penalty.

Any penalty during overtime that would result in a team losing a skater during regulation instead causes the non-penalized team to add a skater.

This goes until the next stoppage of play. International play and several North American professional leagues, including the NHL in the regular season , now use an overtime period identical to that from 99—00 — 03—04 followed by a penalty shootout.

If the score remains tied after an extra overtime period, the subsequent shootout consists of three players from each team taking penalty shots.

After these six total shots, the team with the most goals is awarded the victory. If the score is still tied, the shootout then proceeds to a sudden death format.

Regardless of the number of goals scored during the shootout by either team, the final score recorded will award the winning team one more goal than the score at the end of regulation time.

In the NHL if a game is decided in overtime or by a shootout the winning team is awarded two points in the standings and the losing team is awarded one point.

Ties no longer occur in the NHL. The overtime mode for the NHL playoffs differ from the regular season. In the playoffs there are no shootouts nor ties.

If a game is tied after regulation an additional 20 minutes of 5 on 5 sudden death overtime will be added. In case of a tied game after the overtime, multiple minute overtimes will be played until a team scores, which wins the match.

In ice hockey, infractions of the rules lead to play stoppages whereby the play is restarted at a face off. Some infractions result in the imposition of a penalty to a player or team.

In the simplest case, the offending player is sent to the " penalty box " and their team has to play with one less player on the ice for a designated amount of time.

Minor penalties last for two minutes, major penalties last for five minutes, and a double minor penalty is two consecutive penalties of two minutes duration.

A single minor penalty may be extended by a further two minutes for causing visible injury to the victimized player.

This is usually when blood is drawn during high sticking. Players may be also assessed personal extended penalties or game expulsions for misconduct in addition to the penalty or penalties their team must serve.

The team that has been given a penalty is said to be playing "short-handed" while the opposing team is on a " power play ".

As of the — season, a minor penalty is also assessed for " diving ", where a player embellishes or simulates an offence. More egregious fouls may be penalized by a four-minute double-minor penalty, particularly those that injure the victimized player.

These penalties end either when the time runs out or when the other team scores during the power play. In the case of a goal scored during the first two minutes of a double-minor, the penalty clock is set down to two minutes upon a score, effectively expiring the first minor penalty.

Five-minute major penalties are called for especially violent instances of most minor infractions that result in intentional injury to an opponent, or when a "minor" penalty results in visible injury such as bleeding , as well as for fighting.

Major penalties are always served in full; they do not terminate on a goal scored by the other team. Major penalties assessed for fighting are typically offsetting, meaning neither team is short-handed and the players exit the penalty box upon a stoppage of play following the expiration of their respective penalties.

The foul of "boarding" defined as "check[ing] an opponent in such a manner that causes the opponent to be thrown violently in the boards" [57] is penalized either by a minor or major penalty at the discretion of the referee, based on the violent state of the hit.

A minor or major penalty for boarding is often assessed when a player checks an opponent from behind and into the boards. Some varieties of penalties do not always require the offending team to play a man short.

Concurrent five-minute major penalties in the NHL usually result from fighting. In the case of two players being assessed five-minute fighting majors, both the players serve five minutes without their team incurring a loss of player both teams still have a full complement of players on the ice.

This differs with two players from opposing sides getting minor penalties, at the same time or at any intersecting moment, resulting from more common infractions.

In this case, both teams will have only four skating players not counting the goaltender until one or both penalties expire if one penalty expires before the other, the opposing team gets a power play for the remainder of the time ; this applies regardless of current pending penalties.

However, in the NHL, a team always has at least three skaters on the ice. Thus, ten-minute misconduct penalties are served in full by the penalized player, but his team may immediately substitute another player on the ice unless a minor or major penalty is assessed in conjunction with the misconduct a two-and-ten or five-and-ten.

In this case, the team designates another player to serve the minor or major; both players go to the penalty box, but only the designee may not be replaced, and he is released upon the expiration of the two or five minutes, at which point the ten-minute misconduct begins.

The offending player is ejected from the game and must immediately leave the playing surface he does not sit in the penalty box ; meanwhile, if an additional minor or major penalty is assessed, a designated player must serve out of that segment of the penalty in the box similar to the above-mentioned "two-and-ten".

In some rare cases, a player may receive up to nineteen minutes in penalties for one string of plays. This could involve receiving a four-minute double minor penalty, getting in a fight with an opposing player who retaliates, and then receiving a game misconduct after the fight.

In this case, the player is ejected and two teammates must serve the double-minor and major penalties. A " penalty shot " is awarded to a player when the illegal actions of another player stop a clear scoring opportunity, most commonly when the player is on a " breakaway ".

A penalty shot allows the obstructed player to pick up the puck on the centre red-line and attempt to score on the goalie with no other players on the ice, to compensate for the earlier missed scoring opportunity.

A penalty shot is also awarded for a defender other than the goaltender covering the puck in the goal crease, a goaltender intentionally displacing his own goal posts during a breakaway to avoid a goal, a defender intentionally displacing his own goal posts when there is less than two minutes to play in regulation time or at any point during overtime, or a player or coach intentionally throwing a stick or other object at the puck or the puck carrier and the throwing action disrupts a shot or pass play.

In the NHL, a unique penalty applies to the goalies. The goalies now are forbidden to play the puck in the "corners" of the rink near their own net.

Only in the area in-front of the goal line and immediately behind the net marked by two red lines on either side of the net the goalie can play the puck.

An additional rule that has never been a penalty, but was an infraction in the NHL before recent rules changes, is the " two-line offside pass ". Players are now able to pass to teammates who are more than the blue and centre ice red line away.

The NHL has taken steps to speed up the game of hockey and create a game of finesse, by retreating from the past when illegal hits, fights, and "clutching and grabbing" among players were commonplace.

Der Ball darf nur geschoben, aber nicht geschlagen oder geschlenzt werden. Schlenzen ist nur bei einem Torschuss innerhalb des Schusskreises erlaubt.

Viele Tricks aus dem Feldhockey entfallen jedoch in der Halle, da der Ball nicht hoch gespielt werden darf. Die wichtigsten Abweichungen sind: Rekordweltmeister der Herren mit vier Titeln ist Pakistan , dann folgen die Niederlande und Australien , die jeweils dreimal erfolgreich waren.

Feld Bei den Olympischen Spielen gewann die deutsche Herren-Nationalmannschaft , , und die Goldmedaille. Die Damen wurden Olympiasieger.

Zudem siegte Deutschland zehn Mal bei der Champions Trophy. Die deutsche Damen-Nationalmannschaft gewann den Weltmeistertitel und sowie die Champions Trophy Vorher gab es nur zwei Unentschieden gegen Frankreich und gegen Spanien, ansonsten wurden alle Spiele in der Halle gewonnen.

Die Frauen waren bislang bei 14 von 16 Austragungen siegreich. Die Herren wurden bei den Weltmeisterschaften in Leipzig Dritter und in Berlin Zweiter, die Damen belegten den zweiten Platz und gewannen erneut den Titel.

Das Herrenteam gewann in der Halle und den Europameistertitel, und die Silbermedaille, sowie und die Bronzemedaille.

Nach Bronze und Silber errang das Herrenteam zudem erstmals den Weltmeistertitel. Heute gilt Eishockey in weiten Teilen des Landes als eine der wichtigsten Mannschaftssportarten.

Gespielt wird die Meisterschaft in einer ersten Phase Qualifikation als Rundenturnier. Platzierte gegen den 8.

Platzierten spielt, der 2. Platzierte gegen den 7. Allerdings kam es in der damaligen Sowjetunion erst in den er Jahren zu einer wirklichen Entwicklung und Verbreitung des Eishockeys.

Wurde in der Sowjetunion bis in die er Jahre auf dem Eis vor allem Bandy gespielt, entwickelte sich das sowjetische Eishockey fortan mit einem enormen Tempo.

In der Zeit des Kalten Krieges entwickelte sich eine starke russische Eishockeydominanz mit internationalen Erfolgen in Serie, was auch der unklaren Profi-Situation der russischen Spieler im Gegensatz zu den nordamerikanischen Amateuren bei internationalen Turnieren geschuldet war.

Aufeinandertreffen von Ost- und Westmannschaften wie das Miracle on Ice stellten eine sportliche Variante des politischen Konflikts zwischen den beiden Lagern dar.

Im kanadischen und amerikanischen Englisch wird Eishockey generell als Hockey bezeichnet. Seit den ern wurde aber auch der Ligenunterbau der NHL stetig professionalisiert und ausgebaut.

Des Weiteren gibt es professionell arbeitende Nachwuchsligen in Kanada: In den er Jahren ist die wirtschaftliche Bedeutung des Hockeysports in Nordamerika radikal angestiegen.

Der von vielen als bester Spieler aller Zeiten betrachtete Wayne Gretzky ist einer der wenigen seiner Generation, die nicht gedraftet wurden.

Eishockey ist in Lateinamerika eine absolute Randsportart. Einen geregelten Spielbetrieb gibt es lediglich in Mexiko , dessen Nationalmannschaft derzeit auch an offiziellen Turnieren des internationalen Eishockeyverbandes IIHF teilnimmt.

Das erste Profieishockeyspiel auf lateinamerikanischem Boden fand am September in Puerto Rico statt: Hinzu kommt, dass bis nur Amateure an den Weltmeisterschaften teilnehmen durften, so dass beispielsweise Kanada lange Zeit ihren Amateurmeister zur Weltmeisterschaft schickte.

Rekordsieger ist der Gastgeber HC Davos. Der erste Cup fand im Januar im russischen Sankt Petersburg statt. Verschiedene Spielerinnen und Spieler haben weltweite Bekanntheit erlangt und sind in die internationale oder eine nationale Hockey Hall of Fame aufgenommen worden.

Bekannte Spieler aus der Schweiz sind die ehemaligen bzw. Eine weiter verwandte, jedoch in Deutschland noch nicht sehr bekannte Sportart ist Broomball.

Wird das Spiel durch den Schiedsrichter unterbrochen, wird die Zeit angehalten. Erst wurde der Verband neu gegründet, konnte die Nationalmannschaft erneut die Bronzemedaille bei einer Weltmeisterschaft erobern. Insgesamt gibt es neun Anspiel- oder Bullypunkte: Im Feld- und Hallenhockey werden für persönliche Strafen farbige Signalkarten verwendet. Der Weltverband FIH hatte sie in den er-Jahren eingeführt, damit die Strafen übersichtlicher gestaltet werden können. Daher dauert ein normales Eishockeyspiel insgesamt etwa zweieinhalb Stunden. Hockey ist eine Mannschaftssportart. Da Eishockey ein sehr schneller, körperbetonter Sport ist, tragen die Spieler eine umfangreiche Schutzausrüstung am ganzen Körper, um schweren Verletzungen vorzubeugen. Für jede Strafe gibt es ein spezielles Handzeichen, mit dem der Schiedsrichter die Strafe anzeigt. Das erste olympische Fraueneishockey-Turnier fand in Nagano statt. Gespielt wird heute zumeist auf Kunstrasenplätzen , teilweise auch noch auf Rasen Naturrasen. Januar um Mittels so genannter Bodychecks ist es möglich, den Gegner den Regeln entsprechend seitlich zu verdrängen oder aus dem Weg zu schaffen, um den Puck zu erobern.

The IPHL, cut off from its largest source of players, disbanded in By then, several professional hockey leagues were operating in Canada with leagues in Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec.

The NHA would further refine the rules: After re-organizing as the National Hockey League in , the league expanded into the United States, starting with the Boston Bruins in Professional hockey leagues developed later in Europe, but amateur leagues leading to national championships were in place.

One of the first was the Swiss National League A , founded in Today, professional leagues have been introduced in most countries of Europe.

While the general characteristics of the game stay the same wherever it is played, the exact rules depend on the particular code of play being used.

Ice hockey is played on a hockey rink. During normal play, there are six players per side on the ice at any time, one of them being the goaltender, each of whom is on ice skates.

The players use their sticks to pass or shoot the puck. Within certain restrictions, players may redirect the puck with any part of their body.

Players may not hold the puck in their hand and are prohibited from using their hands to pass the puck to their teammates, unless they are in the defensive zone.

Players may not intentionally bat the puck into the net with their hands. Hockey is an " off-side " game, meaning that forward passes are allowed, unlike in rugby.

Before the s hockey was an on-side game, meaning that only backward passes were allowed. Those rules favoured individual stick-handling as a key means of driving the puck forward.

With the arrival of offside rules, the forward pass transformed hockey into a truly team sport, where individual performance diminished in importance relative to team play, which could now be coordinated over the entire surface of the ice as opposed to merely rearward players.

The six players on each team are typically divided into three forwards, two defencemen, and a goaltender. The term skaters is typically used to describe all players who are not goaltenders.

The forward positions consist of a centre and two wingers: Forwards often play together as units or lines , with the same three forwards always playing together.

The defencemen usually stay together as a pair generally divided between left and right. Left and right side wingers or defencemen are generally positioned as such, based on the side on which they carry their stick.

A substitution of an entire unit at once is called a line change. Teams typically employ alternate sets of forward lines and defensive pairings when short-handed or on a power play.

The goaltender stands in a, usually blue, semi-circle called the crease in the defensive zone keeping pucks from going in. Substitutions are permitted at any time during the game, although during a stoppage of play the home team is permitted the final change.

When players are substituted during play, it is called changing on the fly. A new NHL rule added in the —06 season prevents a team from changing their line after they ice the puck.

The boards surrounding the ice help keep the puck in play and they can also be used as tools to play the puck.

Players are permitted to " bodycheck " opponents into the boards as a means of stopping progress. The referees, linesmen and the outsides of the goal are "in play" and do not cause a stoppage of the game when the puck or players are influenced by either bouncing or colliding into them.

Play can be stopped if the goal is knocked out of position. Play often proceeds for minutes without interruption. When play is stopped, it is restarted with a " faceoff ".

Two players "face" each other and an official drops the puck to the ice, where the two players attempt to gain control of the puck. Markings circles on the ice indicate the locations for the faceoff and guide the positioning of players.

The three major rules of play in ice hockey that limit the movement of the puck: The puck goes "out of play" whenever it goes past the perimeter of the ice rink onto the player benches, over the "glass," or onto the protective netting above the glass and a stoppage of play is called by the officials using whistles.

It also does not matter if the puck comes back onto the ice surface from those areas as the puck is considered dead once it leaves the perimeter of the rink.

Under IIHF rules, each team may carry a maximum of 20 players and two goaltenders on their roster. NHL rules restrict the total number of players per game to 18, plus two goaltenders.

In the NHL, the players are usually divided into four lines of three forwards, and into three pairs of defencemen. On occasion, teams may elect to substitute an extra defenceman for a forward.

The seventh defenceman may play as a substitute defenceman, spend the game on the bench, or if a team chooses to play four lines then this seventh defenceman may see ice-time on the fourth line as a forward.

A professional game consists of three "periods" of twenty minutes, the clock running only when the puck is in play. The teams change ends after each period of play, including overtime.

Various procedures are used if a tie occurs. In tournament play, as well as in the NHL playoffs, North Americans favour sudden death overtime , in which the teams continue to play twenty-minute periods until a goal is scored.

Up until the — season regular season NHL games were settled with a single five-minute sudden death period with five players plus a goalie per side, with both teams awarded one point in the standings in the event of a tie.

With a goal, the winning team would be awarded two points and the losing team none just as if they had lost in regulation.

From — until —04, the National Hockey League decided ties by playing a single five-minute sudden death overtime period with each team having four skaters per side plus the goalie to "open up" the game.

In the event of a tie, each team would still receive one point in the standings but in the event of a victory the winning team would be awarded two points in the standings and the losing team one point.

The idea was to discourage teams from playing for a tie, since previously some teams might have preferred a tie and 1 point to risking a loss and zero points.

The only exception to this rule is if a team opts to pull their goalie in exchange for an extra skater during overtime and is subsequently scored upon an "empty net" goal , in which case the losing team receives no points for the overtime loss.

Since the —16 season, the single five-minute sudden death overtime session involves three skaters on each side. Since three skaters must always be on the ice in an NHL game, the consequences of penalties are slightly different from those during regulation play.

If a team is on a powerplay when overtime begins, that team will play with more than three skaters usually four, very rarely five until the expiration of the penalty.

Any penalty during overtime that would result in a team losing a skater during regulation instead causes the non-penalized team to add a skater.

This goes until the next stoppage of play. International play and several North American professional leagues, including the NHL in the regular season , now use an overtime period identical to that from 99—00 — 03—04 followed by a penalty shootout.

If the score remains tied after an extra overtime period, the subsequent shootout consists of three players from each team taking penalty shots.

After these six total shots, the team with the most goals is awarded the victory. If the score is still tied, the shootout then proceeds to a sudden death format.

Regardless of the number of goals scored during the shootout by either team, the final score recorded will award the winning team one more goal than the score at the end of regulation time.

In the NHL if a game is decided in overtime or by a shootout the winning team is awarded two points in the standings and the losing team is awarded one point.

Ties no longer occur in the NHL. The overtime mode for the NHL playoffs differ from the regular season. In the playoffs there are no shootouts nor ties.

If a game is tied after regulation an additional 20 minutes of 5 on 5 sudden death overtime will be added. In case of a tied game after the overtime, multiple minute overtimes will be played until a team scores, which wins the match.

In ice hockey, infractions of the rules lead to play stoppages whereby the play is restarted at a face off. Some infractions result in the imposition of a penalty to a player or team.

In the simplest case, the offending player is sent to the " penalty box " and their team has to play with one less player on the ice for a designated amount of time.

Minor penalties last for two minutes, major penalties last for five minutes, and a double minor penalty is two consecutive penalties of two minutes duration.

A single minor penalty may be extended by a further two minutes for causing visible injury to the victimized player.

This is usually when blood is drawn during high sticking. Players may be also assessed personal extended penalties or game expulsions for misconduct in addition to the penalty or penalties their team must serve.

The team that has been given a penalty is said to be playing "short-handed" while the opposing team is on a " power play ".

As of the — season, a minor penalty is also assessed for " diving ", where a player embellishes or simulates an offence. More egregious fouls may be penalized by a four-minute double-minor penalty, particularly those that injure the victimized player.

These penalties end either when the time runs out or when the other team scores during the power play. In the case of a goal scored during the first two minutes of a double-minor, the penalty clock is set down to two minutes upon a score, effectively expiring the first minor penalty.

Five-minute major penalties are called for especially violent instances of most minor infractions that result in intentional injury to an opponent, or when a "minor" penalty results in visible injury such as bleeding , as well as for fighting.

Major penalties are always served in full; they do not terminate on a goal scored by the other team. Major penalties assessed for fighting are typically offsetting, meaning neither team is short-handed and the players exit the penalty box upon a stoppage of play following the expiration of their respective penalties.

The foul of "boarding" defined as "check[ing] an opponent in such a manner that causes the opponent to be thrown violently in the boards" [57] is penalized either by a minor or major penalty at the discretion of the referee, based on the violent state of the hit.

A minor or major penalty for boarding is often assessed when a player checks an opponent from behind and into the boards. Some varieties of penalties do not always require the offending team to play a man short.

Concurrent five-minute major penalties in the NHL usually result from fighting. In the case of two players being assessed five-minute fighting majors, both the players serve five minutes without their team incurring a loss of player both teams still have a full complement of players on the ice.

This differs with two players from opposing sides getting minor penalties, at the same time or at any intersecting moment, resulting from more common infractions.

In this case, both teams will have only four skating players not counting the goaltender until one or both penalties expire if one penalty expires before the other, the opposing team gets a power play for the remainder of the time ; this applies regardless of current pending penalties.

However, in the NHL, a team always has at least three skaters on the ice. Thus, ten-minute misconduct penalties are served in full by the penalized player, but his team may immediately substitute another player on the ice unless a minor or major penalty is assessed in conjunction with the misconduct a two-and-ten or five-and-ten.

In this case, the team designates another player to serve the minor or major; both players go to the penalty box, but only the designee may not be replaced, and he is released upon the expiration of the two or five minutes, at which point the ten-minute misconduct begins.

The offending player is ejected from the game and must immediately leave the playing surface he does not sit in the penalty box ; meanwhile, if an additional minor or major penalty is assessed, a designated player must serve out of that segment of the penalty in the box similar to the above-mentioned "two-and-ten".

In some rare cases, a player may receive up to nineteen minutes in penalties for one string of plays. This could involve receiving a four-minute double minor penalty, getting in a fight with an opposing player who retaliates, and then receiving a game misconduct after the fight.

In this case, the player is ejected and two teammates must serve the double-minor and major penalties. A " penalty shot " is awarded to a player when the illegal actions of another player stop a clear scoring opportunity, most commonly when the player is on a " breakaway ".

A penalty shot allows the obstructed player to pick up the puck on the centre red-line and attempt to score on the goalie with no other players on the ice, to compensate for the earlier missed scoring opportunity.

A penalty shot is also awarded for a defender other than the goaltender covering the puck in the goal crease, a goaltender intentionally displacing his own goal posts during a breakaway to avoid a goal, a defender intentionally displacing his own goal posts when there is less than two minutes to play in regulation time or at any point during overtime, or a player or coach intentionally throwing a stick or other object at the puck or the puck carrier and the throwing action disrupts a shot or pass play.

In the NHL, a unique penalty applies to the goalies. The goalies now are forbidden to play the puck in the "corners" of the rink near their own net.

Only in the area in-front of the goal line and immediately behind the net marked by two red lines on either side of the net the goalie can play the puck.

An additional rule that has never been a penalty, but was an infraction in the NHL before recent rules changes, is the " two-line offside pass ".

Players are now able to pass to teammates who are more than the blue and centre ice red line away. The NHL has taken steps to speed up the game of hockey and create a game of finesse, by retreating from the past when illegal hits, fights, and "clutching and grabbing" among players were commonplace.

Rules are now more strictly enforced, resulting in more penalties, which in turn provides more protection to the players and facilitates more goals being scored.

This use of the hip and shoulder is called " body checking ". Not all physical contact is legal—in particular, hits from behind, hits to the head and most types of forceful stick-on-body contact are illegal.

A delayed penalty call occurs when a penalty offence is committed by the team that does not have possession of the puck. In this circumstance the team with possession of the puck is allowed to complete the play; that is, play continues until a goal is scored, a player on the opposing team gains control of the puck, or the team in possession commits an infraction or penalty of their own.

Because the team on which the penalty was called cannot control the puck without stopping play, it is impossible for them to score a goal.

In these cases, the team in possession of the puck can pull the goalie for an extra attacker without fear of being scored on. However, it is possible for the controlling team to mishandle the puck into their own net.

If a delayed penalty is signalled and the team in possession scores, the penalty is still assessed to the offending player, but not served. In college games, the penalty is still enforced even if the team in possession scores.

A typical game of hockey is governed by two to four officials on the ice, charged with enforcing the rules of the game. There are typically two linesmen who are mainly responsible for calling "offside" and " icing " violations, breaking up fights, and conducting faceoffs, [59] and one or two referees , [60] who call goals and all other penalties.

Linesmen can, however, report to the referee s that a penalty should be assessed against an offending player in some situations.

On-ice officials are assisted by off-ice officials who act as goal judges, time keepers, and official scorers. The most widespread system in use today is the "three-man system," that uses one referee and two linesmen.

Another less commonly used system is the two referee and one linesman system. This system is very close to the regular three-man system except for a few procedure changes.

With the first being the National Hockey League, a number of leagues have started to implement the "four-official system," where an additional referee is added to aid in the calling of penalties normally difficult to assess by one single referee.

Officials are selected by the league they work for. Amateur hockey leagues use guidelines established by national organizing bodies as a basis for choosing their officiating staffs.

In North America, the national organizing bodies Hockey Canada and USA Hockey approve officials according to their experience level as well as their ability to pass rules knowledge and skating ability tests.

Hockey Canada has officiating levels I through VI. Protective equipment is mandatory and is enforced in all competitive situations.

This includes a helmet cage worn if certain age or clear plastic visor can be worn , shoulder pads, elbow pads, mouth guard, protective gloves, heavily padded shorts also known as hockey pants or a girdle, athletic cup also known as a jock, for males; and jill, for females , shin pads, skates, and optionally a neck protector.

Goaltenders use different equipment. Goaltenders wear specialized goalie skates these skates are built more for movement side to side rather than forwards and backwards , a jock or jill, large leg pads there are size restrictions in certain leagues , blocking glove, catching glove, a chest protector, a goalie mask, and a large jersey.

Hockey skates are optimized for physical acceleration, speed and manoeuvrability. This includes rapid starts, stops, turns, and changes in skating direction.

Rigidity also improves the overall manoeuvrability of the skate. Hockey players usually adjust these parameters based on their skill level, position, and body type.

The hockey stick consists of a long, relatively wide, and slightly curved flat blade, attached to a shaft. The curve itself has a big impact on its performance.

Es darf so oft gewechselt werden, wie man will. Seit darf jede Mannschaft pro Halbzeit eine Auszeit von einer Minute nehmen.

Nur beim Torschuss darf der Ball hoch geschlagen , ansonsten nur geschlenzt werden. Den Angreifern stehen mehrere Optionen offen, zum Beispiel Annahme und Torschuss durch ein und denselben Spieler, Annahme durch den Stopper und Torschuss durch einen anderen Spieler, oder auch ein Abspiel.

Dazu haben sie jeweils acht Sekunden Zeit. Bei einem Foul des Torwarts am Angreifer wird mit einem Siebenmeter fortgefahren. Andernfalls hat die Mannschaft ihr Recht auf einen weiteren Videobeweis vergeben.

Inzwischen wird auch in Osteuropa viel und erfolgreich Hallenhockey gespielt. Im Hallenhockey ist die Seitenauslinie mit Banden versehen.

Es wird mit sechs Spielern gespielt. Im Gegensatz zum Feldhockey darf er nicht hoch gespielt werden, es sei denn, es ist ein Torschuss innerhalb des Schusskreises.

Der Ball darf nur geschoben, aber nicht geschlagen oder geschlenzt werden. Schlenzen ist nur bei einem Torschuss innerhalb des Schusskreises erlaubt.

Viele Tricks aus dem Feldhockey entfallen jedoch in der Halle, da der Ball nicht hoch gespielt werden darf.

Heute gilt Eishockey in weiten Teilen des Landes als eine der wichtigsten Mannschaftssportarten. Gespielt wird die Meisterschaft in einer ersten Phase Qualifikation als Rundenturnier.

Platzierte gegen den 8. Platzierten spielt, der 2. Platzierte gegen den 7. Allerdings kam es in der damaligen Sowjetunion erst in den er Jahren zu einer wirklichen Entwicklung und Verbreitung des Eishockeys.

Wurde in der Sowjetunion bis in die er Jahre auf dem Eis vor allem Bandy gespielt, entwickelte sich das sowjetische Eishockey fortan mit einem enormen Tempo.

In der Zeit des Kalten Krieges entwickelte sich eine starke russische Eishockeydominanz mit internationalen Erfolgen in Serie, was auch der unklaren Profi-Situation der russischen Spieler im Gegensatz zu den nordamerikanischen Amateuren bei internationalen Turnieren geschuldet war.

Aufeinandertreffen von Ost- und Westmannschaften wie das Miracle on Ice stellten eine sportliche Variante des politischen Konflikts zwischen den beiden Lagern dar.

Im kanadischen und amerikanischen Englisch wird Eishockey generell als Hockey bezeichnet. Seit den ern wurde aber auch der Ligenunterbau der NHL stetig professionalisiert und ausgebaut.

Des Weiteren gibt es professionell arbeitende Nachwuchsligen in Kanada: In den er Jahren ist die wirtschaftliche Bedeutung des Hockeysports in Nordamerika radikal angestiegen.

Der von vielen als bester Spieler aller Zeiten betrachtete Wayne Gretzky ist einer der wenigen seiner Generation, die nicht gedraftet wurden.

Eishockey ist in Lateinamerika eine absolute Randsportart. Einen geregelten Spielbetrieb gibt es lediglich in Mexiko , dessen Nationalmannschaft derzeit auch an offiziellen Turnieren des internationalen Eishockeyverbandes IIHF teilnimmt.

Das erste Profieishockeyspiel auf lateinamerikanischem Boden fand am September in Puerto Rico statt: Hinzu kommt, dass bis nur Amateure an den Weltmeisterschaften teilnehmen durften, so dass beispielsweise Kanada lange Zeit ihren Amateurmeister zur Weltmeisterschaft schickte.

Rekordsieger ist der Gastgeber HC Davos. Der erste Cup fand im Januar im russischen Sankt Petersburg statt. Verschiedene Spielerinnen und Spieler haben weltweite Bekanntheit erlangt und sind in die internationale oder eine nationale Hockey Hall of Fame aufgenommen worden.

Bekannte Spieler aus der Schweiz sind die ehemaligen bzw. Eine weiter verwandte, jedoch in Deutschland noch nicht sehr bekannte Sportart ist Broomball.